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US Octane VS Other countries Octane Ratings

Discussion in 'Reference Materials' started by pissedoffsol, Aug 28, 2005.

  1. pissedoffsol

    pissedoffsol RETIRED

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    Sep 28, 2002
    Retirement Home
    In Europe 98-octane gasoline is common and in Japan even 100-octane is readily available at the pumps, but this octane nomenclature is misleading to Americans as foreign octane ratings are derived entirely differently from our own... So, like every other measurement system it seems that everyone else uses a different scale than we do, but unlike most other instances where we have had the good sense to create different units of measure in this case we all use the same name...
    Japan and Europe use a system called RON or Research Octane Number to determine the octane rating of their gasoline, while stateside we use a system called AKI or Anti-Knock Index to determine gasoline's octane rating... Interestingly, to further complicate things it would seem that our own AKI system is actually derived from the average of the RON system and another more complicated system referred to as MON or Motor Octane Number... So, to recap our methodologies for measuring gasoline's octane rating are different, but share some common elements...
    So, with the commonality of RON in mind a good rule of thumb is as follows, multiply the foreign RON Octane rating by 0.95 and you will have the US AKI equivalent.

    ( RON Octane Rating x 0.95 = AKI Octane Rating )
    98 RON Octane x 0.95 = 93.1 AKI Octane (US measure)
    100 RON Octane x 0.95 = 95 AKI Octane (US measure)

    So, as you can see the 93 or 94 octane fuel we are all paying an arm and a leg for is actually quite comparable to the higher octane fuels found in Europe and Japan. The people whom have to worry about low octane rating are our friends out west in places like California that are subjected to substandard 91 octane.
    91 AKI Octane (US measure) = 95.5 RON Octane
    Last edited by a moderator: Oct 12, 2009

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